Choice of tools
The choice of chamfering tool depends on several factors, such as:
- If the operation is front chamfering or back chamfering
- Chamfering angle
- Max chamfer depth
- Material to be machined
In front chamfer operations, one of the main considerations will also be the tool assembly available in the machine. For back chamfer operations, the hole size will also limit the size of the cutter and thus influence the tool choice. Typically, small chamfers in internal operations require a solid carbide tool for accessibility reasons, while larger features allow for an indexable milling cutter to be used.
Complementary cutters for chamfering
In 4- and 5-axis machines, where the spindle or the workpiece can be tilted, a number of tools can be used for chamfering and deburring, such as:
- 90-degree end mills
- 45-degree face mills
- For large chamfers, long-edge cutters can be used
How to apply
Normally the depth of cut, ap, and width of cut, ae, are small in relation to the cutter diameter. This means that higher cutting speed recommendations for small engagement should be used. The feed per tooth, fz, can also be considerably increased. The demands of the surface finish limit fz.
Chamfering a hole
With some cutters that are able to do both chamfering and threading, it is possible to chamfer the hole after completing the threading operation, using the same tool and insert. This is performed using a circular milling path; see the programming sequence below.
Zero point for tool length and radius
- Position the cutter centrally over the drilled hole with the cutter rotating, and move axially to flange depth (Z = flange height – chamfer size)
- Feed the cutter to engage with the radius compensation (Y = hole radius)
- Interpolate 360⁰
- Feed back to hole center
- Retract cutter
Note: To adjust chamfer size, alter Z position (do not adjust diameter, as this can cause rubbing on the hole).